somali vs ethiopian features

no permanent national government; transitional, parliamentary federal government, 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960, to form the Somali Republic), oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years, Christian 60.8% (Orthodox 50.6%, Protestant 10.2%), Muslim 32.8%, traditional 4.6%, other 1.8% (1994 census), Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English, Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, English (major foreign language taught in schools) (1994 census), coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds, birr (ETB) per US dollar - 9.57 (2008 est. The flow sped up rapidly after the Kenyan Government in May 2016 announced its intention to close the camp, worsening security and humanitarian conditions in receiving communities in south-central Somalia. To support industrialization in sectors where Ethiopia has a comparative advantage, such as textiles and garments, leather goods, and processed agricultural products, Ethiopia plans to increase installed power generation capacity by 8,320 MW, up from a capacity of 2,000 MW, by building three more major dams and expanding to other sources of renewable energy. The transition process ended in September 2012 when clan elders replaced the TFP by appointing 275 members to a new parliament who subsequently elected a new president. A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. Somalia’s western border was arbitrarily determined by colonial powers and divides the lands traditionally occupied by the Somali people. France vs. Germany Investment has been primarily in infrastructure, construction, agriculture/horticulture, agricultural processing, textiles, leather and leather products. In 2017, the government devalued the birr by 15% to increase exports and alleviate a chronic foreign currency shortage in the country. Der Name ist vom Volk der Somali abgeleitet, das die Bevölkerungsmehrheit bildet und auch in den Nachbarländern ansässig ist. Puntland disputes its border with Somaliland as it also claims the regions of Sool and Sanaag, and portions of Togdheer. Einwohner gehören größtenteils dem Volk der Somali … Violeta Chesser. Today Somalia is the world’s third highest source country for refugees, after Syria and Afghanistan. Hotels continue to operate and are supported with private-security militias. In January 2009, following the creation of a TFG-ARS unity government, Ethiopian military forces, which had entered Somalia in December 2006 to support the TFG in the face of advances by the opposition Islamic Courts Union (ICU), withdrew from the country. Insecurity, drought, floods, food shortages, and a lack of economic opportunities are the driving factors. You would be surprised. Geographic distribution. Ethiopia’s foreign exchange earnings are led by the services sector - primarily the state-run Ethiopian Airlines - followed by exports of several commodities. cause my cousin married an ethiopian girl. Top Selling Games Somali is spoken by Somalis in Somalia,Djibouti, Ethiopia,Kenya, Yemen and by the Somali diaspora. During the two decades of conflict that followed the fall of the SIAD regime in 1991, hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes. Ihre nach offiziellen Angaben etwa 4,4 Mio. Ethiopian forces capture key Somali town from al-Shabab. Somali is classified within the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic family; specifically, as Lowland East Cushitic along with Afar and Saho. There are light, dark, and medium-toned Ethiopians and Somalis but on average, Ethiopians are generally lighter than Somalis. Formalized economic growth has yet to expand outside of Mogadishu and a few regional capitals, and within the city, security concerns dominate business. Mogadishu's main market offers a variety of goods from food to electronic gadgets. Europe 8:08. The TFG included a 275-member parliamentary body, known as the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP). More than 70% of Ethiopia’s population is still employed in the agricultural sector, but services have surpassed agriculture as the principal source of GDP. The state is heavily engaged in the economy. President YUSUF resigned late in 2008 while UN-sponsored talks between the TFG and the opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) were underway in Djibouti. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. Telecommunication firms provide wireless services in most major cities and offer the lowest international call rates on the continent. Ethiopia … In 2017, Somalia elected a new president and collected a record amount of foreign aid and investment, a positive sign for economic recovery. We all came from the highlands of ethiopia. In the late 19th century, the area that would become Somalia was colonized by Britain in the north and Italy in the south. When the TNG failed to establish adequate security or governing institutions, the Government of Kenya, under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), led a subsequent peace process that concluded in October 2004 with the election of Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed as President of a second interim government, known as the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of the Somali Republic. News. India vs. Pakistan residency requirement for naturalization: inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham (ISIS) networks in Somalia: Children under the age of 5 years underweight, International law organization participation, Household income or consumption by percentage share, Stock of direct foreign investment - at home, Electricity - installed generating capacity, Electricity - from other renewable sources, Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy, Civil aircraft registration country code prefix, Refugees and internally displaced persons. China vs. United States Despite civil war and famine raising its mortality rate, Somalia’s high fertility rate and large proportion of people of reproductive age maintain rapid population growth, with each generation being larger than the prior one. The Caribbean ), 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960 to form the Somali Republic), Derg Downfall Day (defeat of MENGISTU regime), 28 May (1991), Foundation of the Somali Republic, 1 July (1960); note - 26 June (1960) in Somaliland, mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic (sharia) law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer), Afar National Democratic Party or ANDP [Taha AHMED], Cosmopolitan Democratic Party [Yarow Sharef ADEN], ACP, AfDB, AU, COMESA, EITI (candidate country), FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMIL, UN Security Council (temporary), UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer), ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, CAEU (candidate), FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, LAS, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, Ambassador Ato FITSUM Arega (since 9 April 2019), Ambassador Ali Sharif AHMED (since 16 September 2019), three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and red, with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; green represents hope and the fertility of the land, yellow symbolizes justice and harmony, while red stands for sacrifice and heroism in the defense of the land; the blue of the disk symbolizes peace and the pentagram represents the unity and equality of the nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia, light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; the blue field was originally influenced by the flag of the UN but today is said to denote the sky and the neighboring Indian Ocean; the five points of the star represent the five regions in the horn of Africa that are inhabited by Somali people: the former British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland (which together make up Somalia), Djibouti, Ogaden (Ethiopia), and the North East Province (Kenya), has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt, accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; non-party state to the ICCt, Abyssinian lion (traditional), yellow pentagram with five rays of light on a blue field (promoted by current government); national colors: green, yellow, red, food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, garments, chemicals, metals processing, cement, light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication, cereals, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, vegetables, khat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish, bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish, coffee (27%, by value), oilseeds (17%), edible vegetables including khat (17%), gold (13%), flowers (7%), live animals (7%), raw leather products (3%), meat products (3%), livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metal, Sudan 23.3%, Switzerland 10.2%, China 8.1%, Somalia 6.6%, Netherlands 6.2%, US 4.7%, Germany 4.7%, Saudi Arabia 4.6%, UK 4.6%, Oman 31.7%, Saudi Arabia 18.7%, UAE 16.3%, Nigeria 5.1%, Yemen 4.8%, Pakistan 4%, machinery and aircraft (14%, by value), metal and metal products, (14%), electrical materials, (13%), petroleum products (12%), motor vehicles, (10%), chemicals and fertilizers (4%), manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials, qat, China 24.1%, Saudi Arabia 10.1%, India 6.4%, Kuwait 5.3%, France 5.2%, China 17.6%, India 17.2%, Ethiopia 10.5%, Oman 10.3%, Kenya 6.9%, Turkey 5.3%, Malaysia 4.1%, 6 public TV stations broadcasting nationally and 10 public radio broadcasters; 7 private radio stations and 19 community radio stations, 2 private TV stations rebroadcast Al-Jazeera and CNN; Somaliland has 1 government-operated TV station and Puntland has 1 private TV station; the transitional government operates Radio Mogadishu; 1 SW and roughly 10 private FM radio stations broadcast in Mogadishu; several radio stations operate in central and southern regions; Somaliland has 1 government-operated radio station; Puntland has roughly a half-dozen private radio stations; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are available, Ethiopia is landlocked and uses the ports of Djibouti in Djibouti and Berbera in Somalia, Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF): Ground Forces, Ethiopian Air Force (Ye Ityopya Ayer Hayl, ETAF), Somali National Security Forces: Somali National Army (SNA), Somali National Police (SNP, includes a maritime unit), National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA), 18 years of age for voluntary military service; no compulsory military service, but the military can conduct callups when necessary and compliance is compulsory, 18 is the legal minimum age for compulsory and voluntary military service, each of the nine states has a regional, a special police force, or both that report to regional civilian authorities; local militias operate across the country in loose and varying coordination with these regional police, the Ethiopian Federal Police (EFP), and the military; the EFP reports to the Ministry of Peace, which was created in October of 2018, Somali military forces are heavily engaged in operations against the al-Shabaab terrorist organization, including joint operations with the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM); AMISOM has operated in the country with the approval of the United Nations (UN) since 2007; AMISOM's peacekeeping mission includes assisting Somali forces in providing security for a stable political process, enabling the gradual handing over of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the Somali security forces, and reducing the threat posed by Al-Shabaab and other armed opposition groups; as of early 2020, AMISOM had about 19,000 military troops and about 1,000 police personnel from six African countries deployed in Somalia. 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